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Archive for the ‘Welfare Schemes’ Category

Bright prospects for a better life

Posted by samathain on March 19, 2010

Source: Deccan Herald

Alka Pande , Women’s Feature Service
Wednesday, March 17, 2010
One of the biggest challenges that schools in rural India face is poor power supply. A UNICEF-IKEA initiative brings a ray of light into the lives of girls in government schools, writes Alka Pande
LET THERE BE LIGHT The girls at Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalay in Lucknow no longer have to alter their study schedule due to the erratic power supply. Pic/ Courtesy WFSDivya has a dream. Says this 12-year-old student of Class 8, now studying hard to get promoted to Class 9, “I want to study more. My dream is to become a teacher when I grow up and educate the children of my village.”

Her elder sister, Meeta, isn’t as lucky. Meeta stays at home because she has to cook for the family when their mother goes out to work. The girls lost their father, Ram Prasad, about two years ago, after he committed suicide because he was unable to pay back a loan of around Rs 45,000.

The one spark of hope for the family lies in Divya, who has been a student at the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalay (KGBV), a residential school functioning from a small section of a government school in Sarosa Bharosa village of Kakori block in Lucknow district in Uttar Pradesh.

Educate to empower

KGBVs are residential schools started by the Government of India in 2004-05, providing education from Class 6 to Class 8, especially for girls belonging to marginalised communities under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All) project.

UP today has 454 such schools, some of them in the most remote and backward areas of the state. Over 80 per cent of these girls are from SC/ST families living much below the poverty line. Each school houses 100 girls and there are more than 39,000 girls in the state are studying in them.  The present infrastructure for these schools is very poor but Lalita Pradeep, State Project Officer, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, UP, hopes this will change.

The biggest challenge these schools have to face is poor power supply in a state where there is only one power connection for a population of 21, as against an all-India average of one connection for every 9.5 persons.

So bad is the situation in terms of proper lighting that even during lunch, which is served at the school corridor, the girls sit in darkness.

Vijay Laxmi, the crafts teacher at the KGBV school in which Divya is studying, says: “The girls also often keep the windows shut, especially during educational programmes on health or during cultural activities, so that the boys from the adjoining areas can’t peep in.”

The most unfortunate aspectis that the girls cannot study after sunset, so there is no homework and no studying after school hours, according to Shuchi Mittal, the school warden.

Dispelling darkness

It is to help change this reality that a project, sponsored by IKEA, a Swedish company dealing with lighting and interior décor products, through UNICEF. The company will make available 60,000 solar lamps, known as ‘Sunnan’, or  ‘bright sun’ in Swedish, to the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Angela Walker, Chief Communication Specialist, UNICEF India, believes that these solar lamps “will help children, especially girls, to play, read, write and study at night”.

She points out that the objective behind these lamps is to ensure that girls who want to study, don’t have to depend anymore on an erratic power supply, in order to do so.

According to the project plan, in the first phase 12,000 lamps will be distributed in 454 KGBVs so that a group of four girls gets one lamp.

The lamps that go to India and Pakistan are equipped with sturdier batteries so that they can perform in very high temperatures and are long-lasting.

They are expected to change the ways in which KGBVs have functioned until now. “So far, all the evening activities are based on oral exercises since there is no electricity at night. Now, the girls would be able to study or do any creative work after sunset. In such a situation, even one solar lamp among four girls would have a major impact on recreational as well as academic activities,” says warden Shuchi Mittal.

Tackling dropout rates

This is potentially a big step forward since, invariably, as girls get older, they drop out of school.

In its Annual Status of Education Report, 2009, Pratham pointed out that while 9.5 per cent of girls in the age group of 11-14 are out of school, the number jumps to 23.5 in the age group of 15-16. UP government records confirm this trend: From Class 1-Class 5, only 10 per cent of children drop out. From Class 6 to Class 8, the figure goes up to 34 per cent.

The new solar lamps may just help shine the light on the benefits of such education. And if that happens more KGBV students like Divya can continue working towards realising their dreams.

Posted in Dalit Struggles, Dalit Students In Need, Inspiring Stories, Welfare Schemes | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

PG Scholarship for Professional courses for SC/ST Candidates

Posted by samathain on December 30, 2009

Source: Employment news Dt.28 Nov – 4 Dec 2009  (Thanks to Dr Shalini Subhash)

The University Grants Commission invites applications for the award of scholarship for the year 2009-10 under the scheme of PG Scholarship for Professional courses for Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe Candidates.

This scheme has been initiated keeping in view the social background of the candidates from the deprived section of the society and to provide them opportunity to undertake postgraduate level studies in Professional subjects like Engineering & Technology, Management, Pharmacy etc. in Indian Universities/Institutions/Colleges.

The objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to 1000 SC/ST candidates to pursue postgraduate level studies in Professional subjects at recognised Indian Universities/Institutions/Colleges.

The candidate must have obtained graduate degree in the relevant subject and obtained admission at Postgraduate level for regular full time course in any of the Professional subject in a recognized Universities/Institutions/Colleges. Candidates pursuing PG course in Professional subjects by correspondence or by Distance Education mode are not eligible to receive financial assistance under this scheme.

The tenure of award is for two/three years depending upon tenure of the Postgraduate course.

The financial assistance available under the scheme is as follows:-

Courses – Scholarship – Contingency
M.Tech. @ Rs. 5,000/- p.m @ Rs. 15,000/- p.a
Others @ Rs. 3,000/- p.m @ Rs. 10,000/- p.a

The applications in the prescribed format given below, may be sent to the UNDER SECRETARY (SA-III) UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION, BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG, NEW DELHI – 110 002 duly forwarded through the Universities/Institutions/Colleges where the candiate is pursuing his/her Post Graduate course within one month from the date of issue of the advertisement.( Employment News Dt.28 Nov – 4 Dec 2009 )

The selection will be made with the help of an expert committee constituted by the commission. The decision of the commission in this regard will be final. Direct and Incomplete applications will not be entertained. For further clarification if any, the candidate may visit UGC web-site

Posted in Scholarships, Welfare Schemes | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »

UN set to treat caste as human rights violation

Posted by samathain on October 8, 2009


discrimination based on caste is human rights violation. U can’t abolish caste as every hindu is assigned a caste at birth. this is an
identity. What this declaration is calling for, is that social sanction
and indirect support by state machinery for caste based persecution
can be challenged in international courts. This enables international
recognition for brutal injustice in the name of caste based hatred. What
international audience tend to view as clan war and cultural prejudice can be treated as “human right violation” now on. This will enable human rights watch groups to monitor caste based injustice too.

Government welfare policies use caste as one of the criteria because it is a practical and realistic way to target people who need assistance. Just like you target sex workers, lorry drivers, taxi drivers etc for AIDS welfare schemes. So reservations based on quotas for SC/ST/OBCs would still be required. Infact, it is necessary to extend it to extreme poor and converted dalit muslims or dalit christians.

This should encourage intercaste marriages as opposition based on caste violates human right to choose a life partner.

Satinath Choudhary

However, the million dollar question is how to empower the vast majority that languishes below poverty level, of which the SC/ST can be looked upon merely as only the tip of the iceberg.

I think the two main tools that lend themselves towards catapulting small minorities into stratosphere, enabling them to control the whole country of impoverished people are: (1) First-past-the-post (FPTP) system of election, which enables a small dominant section of the country to take political control of the country in spite of its minority status. (2) Deciding most employments and admission to colleges, etc., mostly on the basis of so called merit-test.

(1) I think the sooner the world community recognizes FPTP to be a most pernicious tool of unfair distribution of political power, which happens to be the mother of all powers! The sooner the world gets rid of it, the better we will be. Had it not been for FPTP, the US Congress would not have allowed Bushes and Regan to be as destructive as they were. Actually, all elections for a single post are basically FPTP, as such even the direct elections of President should be abolished. In fact, a single person should never hold any significant position of power, particularly not at the very top. Most positions should be held by collectives of people – the way the Election Commission of India (ECI) works; the way the Swiss Federal Executive Council works; and the way multi-seat benches of juries and jurists work.

(2) As for deciding employments and admissions, all “merit-tests” should be replaced by a combination of tests that evaluate reading writing ability together with how many votes of appreciation and esteem from the public with the help of their social work. Without the requirement of votes of appreciation, most civil servants tend to behave as feudal lordships, with absolutely no accountability to the public at large. They treat the public worse than dirt! Every single individual must go to the public for some votes of appreciation, and these votes should have some impact on their jobs and ability to get admission in colleges and so forth. That would turn the whole society into a collective of social workers eager to be of some kind of visible service to them. Most people will behave pleasantly with each other. The whole world is likely to be a different place in that case.

I took a cursory glance at the commentaries of the public with regard to this news. I was expecting a universal denunciation of the news from the usual middle class crowd. However, a lot of people appreciated the news. It was interesting to find that some appreciated the news but at the same time they denounced all reservation policies and some hoped that reservation policies would be discarded.

Source : Times Of India

UN set to treat caste as human rights violation
Manoj Mitta, TNN 28 September 2009, 06:10am IST
NEW DELHI: If the recent genome study denying the Aryan-Dravidian divide has established the antiquity of caste segregations in marriage, the

ongoing session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva looks set to recognize caste-based discrimination as a human rights violation. This, despite India’s opposition and following Nepal’s breaking ranks on the culturally sensitive issue.

Nepal has emerged as the first country from South Asia — the region where untouchability has been traditionally practiced — to declare support for the draft principles and guidelines published by UNHRC four months ago for “effective elimination of discrimination based on work and descent” — the UN terminology for caste inequities.

In a side-event to the session on September 16, Nepalese minister Jeet Bahadur Darjee Gautam said his county welcomed the idea mooted by the UNHRC document to involve “regional and international mechanism, the UN and its organs” to complement national efforts to combat caste discrimination. This is radically different from India’s stated aversion to the internationalization of the caste problem.

Much to India’s embarrassment, Nepal’s statement evoked an immediate endorsement from the office of the UN high commissioner for human rights, Navanethem Pillay, a South African Tamil. Besides calling Nepal’s support “a significant step by a country grappling with this entrenched problem itself”, Pillay’s office said it would “like to encourage other states to follow this commendable example”.

The reference to India was unmistakable especially since Pillay had pressed the issue during her visit to New Delhi in March. Pillay not only asked India to address “its own challenges nationally, but show leadership in combating caste-based discrimination globally”. The granddaughter of an indentured labourer taken to South Africa from a village near Madurai, Pillay recalled that in 2006, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had compared untouchability to apartheid.

Adding to India’s discomfiture, Sweden, in its capacity as the president of the Europeon Union, said, “caste-based discrimination and other forms of discrimination based on work and descent is an important priority for EU”. If this issue continues to gather momentum, UNHRC may in a future session adopt the draft principles and guidelines and, to impart greater legal force, send them for adoption to the UN General Assembly.

The draft principles specifically cited caste as one of the grounds on which more than 200 million people in the world suffer discrimination. “This type of discrimination is typically associated with the notion of purity and pollution and practices of untouchability, and is deeply rooted in societies and cultures where this discrimination is practiced,” it said.

Though India succeeded in its efforts to keep caste out of the resolution adopted by the 2001 Durban conference on racism, the issue has since re-emerged in a different guise, without getting drawn into the debate over where caste and race are analogous.


UN’s caste declaration riles India

Source: Morung Express

DELHI – The United Nations Human Rights Council’s (UNHCR) recent decision to declare discrimination based on the caste system a “human-rights abuse” – thereby acknowledging centuries of bias against the world’s estimated 200 million Dalits (untouchables) – has evoked a sharp reaction from India. The UN decision came about despite robust opposition from the Indian government and its aggressive lobbying to get the council to delete the word “caste” from its draft. Instead, the UNHCR is now set to ratify draft principles that recognize persecution of Dalits worldwide. No other country has opposed the move as vehemently as India. This is because the UNHCR declaration has a special relevance to India and its 65 million Dalits – the largest for any single country.
This sizeable demographic is considered “unclean” in India by the upper castes who regard their presence, and sometimes even their shadow, as polluting. It is in this regard that the UN draft pledges to work for the “effective elimination of discrimination based on work and descent”. What most weakened India’s case in the UNHCR was Nepal’s acquiescence to the move. Wresting the opportunity, the council has now called on India to follow Nepal’s example even as New Delhi feels this amounts to “international interference” in a sensitive internal matter.
There’s no denying that the issue of Dalits – who occupy the lowest rung of India’s well-entrenched caste pyramid – is a virtual tinderbox in the country. Despite India’s increasing literacy levels, mounting economic wealth and growing geopolitical heft, the benefits of national prosperity haven’t quite percolated down to low-caste Indians, who are ostracized by mainstream society.
Despite over six decades of independence from British rule, Dalits are still discriminated against in all aspect of life in India despite laws specifically outlawing such acts. They are the victims of economic embargos, denied basic human rights such as access to clean drinking water, use of public facilities, education and access to places of worship. Even constitutional laws, modeled on those framed by the Confederate states in America during the reconstruction period after the Civil War to protect freed black American slaves, have never been enforced by the Indian judiciary and legislature, which are dominated by high castes.
This is indeed ironic as one of this century’s most recognizable global icons – Mahatma Gandhi – was an Indian who crusaded tirelessly against discrimination based on caste or gender. He ensured that the founding fathers of the Indian constitution made special provisions to grant India’s Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other Backward Castes special privileges like reservations (up to 33%) in jobs and educational institutes.
So why is there such a hue and cry in India over the UNHCR move? According to experts, the brouhaha has as much to do with politics as with economics and human rights. First, it is not in favor of vested political interests to eliminate the caste system in India as Dalits form a lucrative vote bank. In fact, in a country of a billion-plus population, it would be foolhardy to fritter away this attractive political constituency that dominates large swaths of India.
The prime example is India’s most populous state of Uttar Pradesh (population: 190 million) which has 403 electoral constituencies. Though there are no official figures available, it is estimated that the country’s largest number of Dalits – probably half – reside here. The results are clear; currently the state is ruled by the powerful Dalit-dominated Bahujan Samaj Party, helmed by its redoubtable chief minister Mayawati, who was ranked by Forbes magazine in 2008 at 59 on its world’s most powerful women list.
In 1995, at age 39, Mayawati was the youngest politician elected to the post of chief minister and was also the first Dalit to head a state government. She may well trail-blaze again as India’s first Dalit prime minister as she goes about building an alliance with India’s Brahmins, augmenting the Dalits’ pan-India footprint. (In June, Meira Kumar was elected the first Dalit woman ever as parliament speaker.)
Still, there’s no denying that Mayawati is more an aberration rather than the rule in India. So will the UNHCR move help get Indian Dalits’ global attention followed by aid from bodies like the European Union? Dr Udit Raj of the Dalit-based Indian Justice Party has welcomed the UN move and feels it will focus the international spotlight on the issue provided the “Indian government has the courage to accept there’s discrimination”.
It is unlikely that a single UN resolution will radically change the landscape of social realities in India. Perhaps even the UNHCR is aware of this fact. Can its declaration be a tool to harass India then? Is it a clever ploy to keep the ambitious country on a leash in view of its abysmal human-rights record? The idea could be to push India to be answerable for discrimination based on work, descent and gender.
Some good has already come out of the UNHCR exercise, albeit indirectly. Rahul Gandhi, the architect of the ruling Congress Party’s general election victory in May, has launched a recent drive to uplift Dalits. He is visiting Dalit homes across Uttar Pradesh and has ordered his party members to recalibrate their welfare programs in favor of Dalits. However, many see the Gandhi scion’s move as a larger political game plan to erode Mayawati’s base in Uttar Pradesh.
In other words, the UNHCR declaration is a sword that will cut both ways for India. While it will definitely focus international attention on the issue – and hopefully lead to increased government spending to improve opportunities for Dalits in the country – it has simultaneously underscored the country’s feudalistic and discriminatory ethos. It is this that India is most sensitive about as it tries to wrest center stage in the new global regime.

Neeta Lal is a widely published writer/commentator who contributes to many reputed national and international print and Internet publications.





Aks,USA,says:A step in the right direction and hope the Government of India has got the guts and political will to do away with the discrimination in all sections all over the country. It is a real shame that even today we get discriminated basing on our names, caste, religion and what not. We do not need these and the only way to weed out this is to empower all the villages and develop on war footing with proper infrastructure including schools (give free schooling), hospitals, roads, electricity and water as a bare minimum. The elected representative should be made accountable and those who do not deliver should be made to be recalled by the public after giving enough notice of show cause. But India (read politicians) would fight this tooth and nail as their political vote bank would be eroded and it applies equally to all the political parties and no bias on this. They do not want the people to be literate lest their vote bank politics would be shown
an early exit.
[28 Sep, 2009 1230hrs IST]

Ajay Meena,JAipur,says:it would be naive to assume that a UN resolution or UNHRC can change social realities in India. Will endup as a tool to harass India.
[28 Sep, 2009 1121hrs IST]

hortense vaughan,auSTRALIA,says: At last after 3 generations of an Independent India the UN has finally found the guts to face and call casteism a violation of human rights. The UN must be pretty dumb to take 62 years before condeming a system which was obviously a blatant abuse of human rights. The fact that India does not agree only highlights the perverted logic and bigotry that has allowed this caste system to flourish. I wonder what the world is thinking about the Indian move for a permanent seat on the UN security council when it can so easily oppose such an obvious righteous move on the part of the UN. Indians have lived with the abolishment of suttee and in time will abandon casteism and then maybe India should be considered for a permanent seat on the Security Council
[28 Sep, 2009 1114hrs IST]

Sam Paul,Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh,says:Thanks for pointing out this brave and pertinent act of NEPAL. As a participant in Durban Conference and in the Review conference in Geneva this year, it is a shame why the Govt. of India is dodging this issue and not taking a stand. Of course, it is not easy to break the age old hegemony on the lower castes be it Indian Government or UN (it took over 10 years to state the problem!!). Trust more will happen in this direction.
[28 Sep, 2009 1114hrs IST]

Afzal,Nanjing,says:This caste menace must be eradicated from the society. On one hand government has abolished Caste System, on the other people are still recognised by their caste, what a mokery of Government policy?
[28 Sep, 2009 1052hrs IST]

Shyamal Ganguly,Reading, PA, USA,says:If India agrees with the U.N. then about 50% of the bureaucrats (babus, IAS) will lose their jobs. These bureaucrats serve the interests of the CORRUPT POLITICIANS (LALLOO IN BIHAR, MAYAVATI in U.P.) who use caste base for electioneering. Indian bureaucrats will rather be kicked by China in the teeth than join forces to transcend caste based quota based system for rationing favors and collecting bribes in exchange.
[28 Sep, 2009 1015hrs IST]

Raj,Bangalore,says:It is indeed a disturbing news for India. The caste based discrimination has been in existence in India for thousands of years and it cannot be abolished in a single day. Though it is true that no civilized individual would want to have such discriminatiosn to exists in our society. Whatever may be the actions taken by the government and NG’s in this regard, it needs years of efforts before we could completely eliminate this problem from our society. But the move by the UNHRC is without taking the valid concerns express by India. Moreover, the latest move by the UNHRC could be a problem for India in many areas. The west and European countries, the self styled champions of human rights, may use these rules to tarnish India’s image in world forums and may even try to put restrictions on our country’s international engagements. It could well be used by our adversaris to scuttle India’s efforts to get a permanenet seat in th UN security
[28 Sep, 2009 1006hrs IST]

David M. thangliana,Aizawl, Mizoram,says:Why should India be embarrassed to provide rights to its citizens? Low or high castes, aren’t we all human beings when everything is said and done after all? David
[28 Sep, 2009 1004hrs IST]

Nate Gupta,USA,says:Why would India be uncomfortable with this move by UN? Caste system should have been abolished long ago…
[28 Sep, 2009 0957hrs IST]

Raman Sharma,New Delhi,says:Indian Government will be the first one to violate the UN norms by providing the caste based incentives to its citizens. What the Indian government will do now?
[28 Sep, 2009 0949hrs IST]


Its hard to understand why India resists this kind of a move. As per the father of our nation “Untouchability is a crime against god and Man”. So does all discrimincations in the name of caste. Its high time India put and end to this nonsense and punish the culprits severely.
[28 Sep, 2009 0947hrs IST]Raj,Bangalore,says:Practically in our day to day life we do not have this religion, caste etc. But this is the backbone of our political system and our politicians can divide people by their religion, caste etc. They can’t divide them as poor or rich which is very easier to do. Instead they follow this path just for their political gain. No UN can change change these corrupt antinational politicians.
[28 Sep, 2009 0946hrs IST]


mentabolism,Kuwait,says:Our country will improve, only after its people stop seeing everything through the eyes of religion, caste, color and creed. Once we see ourselves as only Indians, and everything else is secondary, it will inspire us to improve our lot. Otherwise, we will be stuck in the well of our caste and religion… Implementing this requires strong political will, to see humans as they are and not just voter lists…
[28 Sep, 2009 0943hrs IST]

surinder singh sunner,ventura california,says:Brahamchari, pujaree, vparee and shikari turned into four varan and further into cast system according to their work. Now anyone can do anything than why we are still into cast system. Please come out of it we human are all the same. If India comes out of it our great country will achieve new hights.
[28 Sep, 2009 0942hrs IST]

lpaisley,Ft Lauderdale,says:INDIA!The most racist country in the world. About time the rest of the world knows the country’s dirty secret. Racism based on caste,community, religion and economic statue
[28 Sep, 2009 0941hrs IST]

tabsis,banglore,says:casteism comes as a gift from british rule, divide and rule , why follow it and support it when we as a country have moved on and looking towards moon
[28 Sep, 2009 0937hrs IST]

Victor Warrior,USA,says:It is high time India recognizes that it cannot be superpower unless its people practice democracy and social justice. 250 million people,100 million children, 40 million bonded labour cannot live in slavery for ever , based on caste.Every chain is strongest at its weakest link. This is its weakest link.Nation will not live in peace if it is a democracy of the few, by the few, and for the few. We must build a new fraternity through education, human rights and social justice. ALL CHILDREN SHOULD GROW WITH PRIDE AS INDIANS AND NOTHING ELSE! This will make India a stronger, and most powerful nation on earth! Follow Samrat Ashoka!
[28 Sep, 2009 0937hrs IST]

cmsingh,J,says:Definitely a step in the right direction. Kudos to Nepal and shame on India.
[28 Sep, 2009 0933hrs IST]

blindspot,Kolkata,says:UN should FORCE India to remove all these cast based facilities (e.g. 50% reservation for the SC ST OBC) with immediate effect!
[28 Sep, 2009 0931hrs IST]

knight,India,says:Guys – this is not good news. This is international politicking with no good intentions. this will be used as a stick to beat india in international fora and nothing else!! fact is india has taken affirmative action that is unparalleled and unprecedented. more than 70% of seats in educational institutions and colleges are reserved. india abolished caste discrimination in 47 while racial segregation was still legal in many US states till the 70s. Go figure!!!! If there is condemnation then it should be against religious apartheid that is practiced in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and some western countries as well…
[28 Sep, 2009 0923hrs IST]

Srinivas Aluru,Mumbai,says:It should not be embarrassing to India that caste based discrimination and marital arrangements are considered a form of human rights violation. What should be embarrassing is that we indulge in such discriminatory practices. Let us own up responsibility and agree with the world that it is evil; and let each one of us work to remove it from our lives. Nature can provide subtle lessons if only we care to listen. To come up with a scientific invention or an engineering or medical breakthrough, nature does not make it any easier for someone because they come from a particular caste or lineage. Unless we build a system based on merit and allow individuals to thrive on merit, we are not doing favors to anyone. Certainly if there are past discriminatory practices that need to be corrected, one may provide an extra push for a few generations. However, the eventual goal should be to encourage merit of every individual and if we make it
easy for any particular community, we are actually harming them in the long run by providing them incentives to forever be left behind.
[28 Sep, 2009 0921hrs IST]

Shaikh,NJ, USA,says:Its a welcome move, that has kept people at disadvantage since dark ages of India. I am still appalled to know that India opposes the move!! Which way you want to head india? Back to dark ages of ignorance, conjucture and human subjugation while worshipping animals?
[28 Sep, 2009 0921hrs IST]

Sunil Sharma,Kuwait,says:While Caste system is a degradation of humanity and contrary to the inherent equality of Man, nay of all living beings, as preached by Lord Krishna in the Gita yet India cannot be singled out as the only country where it is still prevalent and practised!! Everywhere, especially in the Middle East, it is far more apparent in the garb of “Tribal Culture” and “Religious Racism” than it is in India!! It is present in all western countries as “Racism” so why single out India? The word “Caste” was coined by the “British” to suite their occupation of India and to divide the locals by formentinmg acrimony amongst them but the actual literal translation of the word “Jaat” is “Class” while “Jaat” itself is the corrupted version of “Varna”…in the good old ancient days “Classes” in society, in order to protect their own turf, evolved the “Jaati” system with no religious sanction from either the Vedas or the Upanishads”, in order only to
guarantee their own perpetual survival. And forms of this “Jaati” system are prevalent in bigger measure in the entire world! So why single out India? India will do well, instead of being on the defensive, to proactively highlight the presence of “Caste” under different garbs in other parts of the world so that all become exposed to the hypocracy that is being manifested by the UN resolution that is specifically aimed against India!! I hope somebody in the Political circle in India takes note of my comment!
[28 Sep, 2009 0914hrs IST]

Sonia,USA,says:There are various kinds of discriminations based on class, gender, educational qualification, age, etc. All discriminations are bad, but do not necessarily come under the definition of “human right violation.” This development clearly shows that Nepal is now firmly in the Chinese sphere of influence. No one would support caste discrimination, but putting this into UN as a “human rights” issue is only a Chinese ploy to divert world’s attention from its own genocides and real human right violations, and getting a foothold into India’s internal matters and politics.
[28 Sep, 2009 0914hrs IST]

Dharmaraj,chennai,says:Ideal Quota for the down trodden people The purpose of introducing quota system was to facilitate the underprivileged and destitute of society but the present mode of quota system does not help the real needy people. Instead It enrich the creamy layer. It is deplorable to note that even after sixty years of free India more than one third of our population live below the poverty line. The economic condition and standard of life has not improved for the majority of the poor in rural. Though we implement the quota system. It has not benefited the poor and the rural as it was expected. The poor and rural first generation from each community are unaware of the priorities as its lion share of benefits are being enjoyed by the creamy layer of its own community our vote bank politician would not allow to remove the creamy layer . In the present scenario It is not possible to remove the creamy layer but it is possible to make the quota
benefits to reach the poor without removing the creamy layer. In each and every quota category there should be two sects , one is BPL and other is general within the community. In each and every quota category there should be BPL quota within the community . The percentage for the BPL should be fixed in proportion to percentage of people live under BPL in the community concerned. Then only these BPL can taste the benefits which are meant for them. If there is no eligible candidate from BPL in the same community, second generation or well off from the same community may be allowed to enjoy without leaving it to other community. If more than 70% of SC live below poverty line, 70% of SC Quota should be reserved for BPL SC. IF 60 % of OBC live below poverty line , 60% of OBC Quota should be reserved for BPL OBC , remaining may be allowed to General SC and OBC respectively. The tough competitor for the BPL is the rich from the same community because these
people enjoy the great share of the quota without leaving it to the poor in the community. Only if there is two quota categories proportionately in each community , the main purpose of quota will reach the poor in each community. Otherwise quota will be enjoyed by the rich or second generation in each community and the poor in each community will remain unaffected by any kind of quota benefits and the caste system in indial can not be eliminated.
[28 Sep, 2009 0913hrs IST]

Borun Chowdhury,Jaipur, In,says:Its not really clear from the article on what grounds India is opposing such a move. Caste based discrimination is clearly a human rights violation case and one would have to be extremely imaginative in order to paint it otherwise.
[28 Sep, 2009 0912hrs IST]

log51,china,says:we don’t put caste in cv/resume knowing the consequences,then why we need caste for school admission/quota/marriage etc…religion did its best in dividing people ..pls eradicate this virus from society.hope our h’able pm can do this.
[28 Sep, 2009 0910hrs IST]

Pankaj,Delhi,says:Can we have this from today 🙂 he he.. India has been divided on caste for ages.. let us recognize we are humans oops sorry atleast let us be human beings and nothing else on color caste or creed.. Bury the hatchet guys
[28 Sep, 2009 0910hrs IST]

Sunil Sharma,Kuwait,says:While Caste system is a degradation of humanity and contrary to the inherent equality of Man, nay of all living beings, as preached by Lord Krishna in the Gita yet India cannot be singled out as the only country where it is still prevalent and practised!! Everywhere, especially in the Middle East, it is far more apparent in the garb of “Tribal Culture” and “Religious Racism” than it is in India!! It is present in all western countries as “Racism” so why single out India? The word “Caste” was coined by the “British” to suite their occupation of India and to divide the locals by formentinmg acrimony amongst them but the actual literal translation of the word “Jaat” is “Class” while “Jaat” itself is the corrupted version of “Varna”…in the good old ancient days “Classes” in society, in order to protect their own turf, evolved the “Jaati” system with no religious sanction from either the Vedas or the Upanishads”, in order only to
guarantee their own perpetual survival. And forms of this “Jaati” system are prevalent in bigger measure in the entire world! So why single out India? India will do well, instead of being on the defensive, to proactively highlight the presence of “Caste” under different garbs in other parts of the world so that all become exposed to the hypocracy that is being manifested by the UN resolution that is specifically aimed against India!! I hope somebody in the Political circle in India takes note of my comment!
[28 Sep, 2009 0910hrs IST]

Varun,Navi Mumbai,says:This evil is not only practiced by politicians, but is widespread in the country due to lack of literacy and a firmer education policy. Though the government is trying to spread education to the remotest parts of the country, age-old superstitions and traditions practiced by elders include caste as a valid issue. Along with child-marriages, female foeticide, casteism is a sensitive issue that can only be tackled through education. Why only rural areas, even in urban areas caste is an issue, you can see that in the matrimonial sites. The UN is right to treat caste as a human rights violation. We should follow the example of Nepal and embrace this cause. By opposing this act, we as a country are only showing our backward thinking and accepting our inability to curb this evil.
[28 Sep, 2009 0907hrs IST]

Readers’ Opinions

UN set to treat caste as human rights violation

radhika,balasundrum,says:Not only there is caste discrimination, there is also age discrmination to apply for various jobs in India. You have to be within certain age group to apply for certain jobs which is ridiculous (eg A person over 35 years of age can’t be a Govt teacher his BED, MED goes wasted even though he is human being and have full qualification including years of experience) and outdated prampara and will take thousand years for Indian leadership to understand that (just like caste discrimination).
[28 Sep, 2009 0856hrs IST]

satvista,chennai,says:Finally it has come up! Yes its high time we leave these Caste systems behind! But this can’t be done in a single day, we need a few years though!!!Gradually we need to merge different communities and finally there will only one!!!!
[28 Sep, 2009 0854hrs IST]

shailendram,Bangalore,says:Awesome news, and most welcome. Will India reciprocate wholeheartedly and take off all caste based discrimination in education and jobs now? Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas are facing extreme harassment in India from the hands of majority (Christians, Muslims, SCs, STs and OBCs) which must be removed – minorities must be provided due protection against oppression by majority on the grounds of caste and religion. We are all born equal and must enjoy equal rights.
[28 Sep, 2009 0852hrs IST]

SV,Bangalore,says:Caste based discrimination is a basic violation of human right.Indian politicians kept justifying caste-based-reservation for the advantage of vote bank . In states like tamilnadu where 69% of seats are “reserved”, candidates competing in general category face the brunt of this idiotic practice.
[28 Sep, 2009 0850hrs IST]

Nishit,USA,says:It would be gr8 but I don’t see it happening in India as more than 50% of population (politicians) are dependent on some kind of reservations due to this caste discrimination. But if it happens India would emerge as one of the strong powers and it also changes the mindset of people in India.
[28 Sep, 2009 0841hrs IST]

shakuntala prasad,fiji,says:Yes, we have had enough of caste related discrimination and violence.Just eradicate the whole practice and such beliefs where we identify individuals based on purity of one particular group and untouchability of others.just mix us all; intermarriages between diverse groups will help us break the barriers between human beings.
[28 Sep, 2009 0840hrs IST]

Prasanna Jena,USA,says:Looks like the Catholic Missionaries have been very active in India lately. This is a desperate attempt by the evngelists to pressurize the Hindus.
[28 Sep, 2009 0836hrs IST]

Witan,New Delhi,says:If “caste-based discrimination and other forms of discrimination based on work and descent” is a form of racism, then the undoubted corollary is that “reverse discrimination” is also racism. It means that the 22.5 per cent reservation for SC/ST is racism, and so is the reservation for the so-called OBCs, because such reservations discriminate against the so-called upper castes.
[28 Sep, 2009 0835hrs IST]

Dr.(Prof)Vijay Kumar(Retired)R.U.,Ratu,Ranchi,Jharkhand,says:UN set to treat caste as human right violation and our Law Minister Moily writes to PM for caste-based census.I have already expressed and dispatched my bitter comments on Moily’s demand of caste based census to his PM. Some how till today my comments have been ignored as it could not appear under the head “Moily writes to PM for caste based census”.
[28 Sep, 2009 0832hrs IST]

Sharad,Ballia,says:This is a good step. But humans by nature will keep dividing themselves into castes, region, religion etc. Even the west is not classless and it has never been classless. Bollywood being one of the biggest propagandists of casteless and secular soceity so much foster casteism of their own type where they promote their own kith and kin and any outsider has to struggle to get in, if left at their hands for a couple hundred years they wont let outsider get in. But no doubt the caste based system in India was doing more bad than any good. This is a welcome step, and though humans will never be classless, I wish we have a soceity where everyone has the freedom to “pursue” what he/she wants to be and do and his/her birth or way of living or faith causes him/her to face any discriminiation or special treatment.
[28 Sep, 2009 0831hrs IST]

 Raj,-,says:The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.
[28 Sep, 2009 0830hrs IST]

Sri,California,says:Super! We Indians are making so much of a noise when some of our country men are getting beaten up in Australia saying that it is racism. Casteism is a even bigger crime. it is even bigger than Racism. it has been coming in our country for so many years and so many people undergo so much pain everyday in our country because of this. it is time for other countries to take note of this and make it an international issue and force India to take even more serious actions.
[28 Sep, 2009 0827hrs IST]

? Shah,Chicago,says:Are they ready to accept discrimination based on skin color as human rights violation?
[28 Sep, 2009 0827hrs IST]

Indian,USA,says:During the last presidential election, Republican contenders including John McCain said that ONLY A CHRISTIAN should and can become the President of US. How different is this from caste system and why is America preaching to the rest of world when they do not practice what they preach! We Indians blindly accept and follow what America says but never bother to check if they do as they say!
[28 Sep, 2009 0825hrs IST]

Vikas Chawla,Boston, US,says:i absolutely love this. Political elite class in India would like to use the caste to its advantage. I can’t believe Indian government can publicly state that they are against tackling the menace of casteism.
[28 Sep, 2009 0820hrs IST]

Sumeet,USA,says:Very welcome move. The caste based discrimination in Indian govt and education is finally being recognized by the world. Shame on India for opposing it. And India calls itself a democracy!
[28 Sep, 2009 0819hrs IST]

Kaushal,USA,says:This is very good move of UN – first time ever considering Indians a human being. At the same time, it is very disgusting to see Indian government opposing it. Caste, the way it was practiced in past few hundreds of years, and the way it is practiced today to discriminate and select candidates based on caste & religion; is absolutely a human right issue.
[28 Sep, 2009 0815hrs IST]

==??vibhav,india,says:this piece of news is really great but in today’s india upper caste children people feel discriminated. there are whole lot of subsidies and reservations for lower caste so in any case a welcomed news…and hope this will force the indian politicians to remove casteism as a whole…..
[28 Sep, 2009 0812hrs IST]

Dr.(Prof)Vijay Kumar(Retired)R.U.,Ratu,Ranchi,Jharkhand,says:UN Human Rights Council in Geneva may recognise “CASTE BASED DISCRIMINATION AS A HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION” on the first instance it appears to be CORRECT but issue of Nepal’s breaking on culturally sensitive matter/point must get the specific attentions of the world as such cases are being interpreted in their own terms by many contries.
[28 Sep, 2009 0811hrs IST]

Shekhar,Bangalore,says:If only this leads to abolition of all the “reservations” we have in place… *sigh*
[28 Sep, 2009 0801hrs IST]

?RS,Manila,says:Caste should be dropped. Affirmative action as regards Educations and Employment should be based on “economically backward” only — it’s a shame that India from the inception of its Reservation Policy took into consideration Religion-Caste, saying that only Hinduism acknowledges caste and so, only Hindus are entitled to affirmative-action benefits.
[28 Sep, 2009 0800hrs IST]

?Nikhilesh,Vietnam,says:Yes; it time for India to part ways from caste system. Such system was created to increase efficiency in the society but it turned out to be a weapon to dominate poor by the handful few. We shuold stop quoting caste in official certificates in schools/marriages, ban caste based advertisements, jail leaders if they ask vote in the name of caste. It is going to take another 100 years to bring a concrete change but we have to start somewhere to eleminate this old system.
[28 Sep, 2009 0758hrs IST]

Selvam,India,says:Great Stuff!
[28 Sep, 2009 0757hrs IST]

Shyam,Noida,says:This is just a childish thought by the UN. Nobody can remove discrimination from the world, it may be called “caste” or “birth” or “wealth” or “nationality”. The world is a place of suffering and everybody here is bound to suffer one way or the other. We are born as per our previous karma, although caste must be decided by the traits in one’s character. As per Vedic scriptures , nobody is born a brahmin, especially in Kaliyuga. Rather everyone is born a sudra. However, one who exhibits a saintly character is to be honored and regarded as a “Knower of God” or “Brahman”. Nobody can deny that different categories of human beings exist on the earth. Of course, from “ahaar-nidra-bhaya-maithunam” point of view they all seem equal. However they differ due to their degrees of spiritual consciousness. The UN as a body of atheistic persons cannot understand all this. They cannot change anything either!
[28 Sep, 2009 0747hrs IST]

sai ,chicago,says:This is awesome – caste system had destroyed the lives of innocent millions. Though it is propagated by the politicians, it has been adopted by the people who like the convenience of it. It’s sad that during my college days, I went to a good school with 98% score and the guy sitting next to me 53% – why caste system and by the way, he was richer than I was so it wasn’t the money. Why does he need to relinquish the comforts it provides? So this is should be treated as a pandemic and nothing less – caste system destroyed the lives of innocent millions back in the days (for the so called backward castes) and it continues to destroy the lives of millions today (of the so called forward castes) – we can either wait for the cycle to reverse or move and cure this infection now. I support the UN resolution whole heartedly and I hope EU and others put enough pressure on India to change this – unfortunately EU needs trade relations more than
curing this infection so we’ll just have to wait and see.
[28 Sep, 2009 0747hrs IST]

Chithra KarunaKaran Ethical Democracy,NYC,says:India has nothing to hide on the caste issue. We have far to go on caste-based discriminatory practices in our ancient, vast, complex social structure. Let the evidence speak. Transparency is needed. India can be proud of the progress we have made. But that does not mean we don’t have much more to do. But if the UNHRC insists, India must insist that Racism, Ethnocentrism, sexism, Patriarchalism, Zionism, Tribalism and other categories which are significant bases for discrimination be simultaneously included.
[28 Sep, 2009 0742hrs IST]

Amin,Chennai,says:Inida should fix a timeline for ending caste based reservation system, never ending rigid reservation policy and quotas would do no good for the society and should revise its education system so that it encourages practical way of teaching and examination.
[28 Sep, 2009 0742hrs IST]

aravind,reddy,says:I have never commented before but this is very tempting. Now you know that Indian political leaders favour caste based discrimination in college admissions and government jobs for their personal and political gains. This is screwing up India and life of meritorious aspirants. If UNHRC passes this resolution it would be a victory for humanity. Hats of to UNHRC….
[28 Sep, 2009 0736hrs IST]

divya,new york,says:how about UN treating income discrimination based on gender, ethnicity and race in the US as a human rights issue?
[28 Sep, 2009 0736hrs IST]

Anejat Shyam,Allahabad,says:Finally World has woken up to plight of millions. Unless we Hindus banish this discrimination based on caste, we are nothing but doomed. Jajo Bharat, jago!!
[28 Sep, 2009 0735hrs IST]

Readers’ Opinions

UN set to treat caste as human rights violation

SK,USA,says:This is good news. This will ensure that the politicians will not be able to garner votes based on caste. Striding towards a caste free India will ensure all round progress.
[28 Sep, 2009 0733hrs IST]

Naik,U.K.,says:India has to eventually give in for UN proposals and rightly so. Caste system is so discriminatory then we have language, skin colour, north vs south to add on top of that. Even the so called modern youth select their match using caste based data from matrimonial websites. Sooner we realise how outdated our system the better.
[28 Sep, 2009 0728hrs IST]

Rohan,London,says:Why does India oppose this? Is it the Indian govt influencing this or the upper caste bureaucrats in the govt The main reason we are undeveloped is the caste system, which is worse than racism. It is time we eradicate that
[28 Sep, 2009 0728hrs IST]

Bijesh,Singapore,says:Thats a great news. Hope at least with this movement, the evil of caste system gets eradicated from our country…
[28 Sep, 2009 0725hrs IST]

kumarasamy,chennai,says: In India the cast system has been penetrated Metro this is covered or not felt just because everone is busy on their work.Govt can not completely eliminate this but they hide and manipulate the figures. even Political leaders have problem created based on caste . Ms.Karat was recently facing stiff resistance to reveal the actual facts..she could not visit a place in Madurai/TN till Govt officials set things changed/hidden.even now two glass system is adopted in rural areas and one group of people still can not ride cycle in that of another group. some time even walking with out cheppal is not permitted.. those lower caste people will never wish to cross the street of upper caste people to save their own life.. still atrocity persists..
[28 Sep, 2009 0721hrs IST]

vij,usa,says:Better late than never. If India has to progress, it must get rid of this accepted practice of casteism.
[28 Sep, 2009 0717hrs IST]

Sharath,Sydney,says:And why is India opposed to this in anyway? However, I would like to state that the definition of caste based discrimination should be broad and wide. It should not merely include high castes discriminating against low castes, but the other way round as well. And also, low castes discriminating against other low castes and high castes discriminating against other high castes. I use the term High and Low caste as only a formal label as used by the government and public in general. I do not in any way mean to imply that someone is inferior or superior to someone else based on caste.
[28 Sep, 2009 0708hrs IST]

Mel,Narre Warren Australia,says:India with its disgraceful caste system has the impertinance to brand Australians as racist.
[28 Sep, 2009 0705hrs IST]

s thakur,pune,says:Finally, someone sees what caste system has become for real. It is invention of olden times which needs to be demolished as it has no relevance in today’s progressing world. For politicians it has become the rally call whether to drum up support or divide the people. This is an evil system with no value addition to society and like many other systems present in olden times in other parts of world, this also needs to be dismantled.
[28 Sep, 2009 0704hrs IST]

Chintan Dave,Sydney,says:Finally, UN is wise enough to do this…….. India is discriminating its own people based on the laws that were created in the ages of dinosaurs from which we need to come out if we want to be recognised and respect as one of the strongest nations on the planet. Shining India needs to set an example and come out from this caste based system where everyone hates everyone just because they are of different caste or religion or sub-caste or whatever pathetic name they have given to it. ……………………. When these so-called opposition goes abroad and to other states within India they complain and cry that they are racially abused and attacked or whatever they call it because they are of different color, who are we to decide that certain caste is only allowed to do certain work. India needs be mature enough at least in this 21st century where even the western world is coming out of its white extremism faster than expected
just look at South Africa, no wonder we have so many civil wars going on within our homeland…………….. Jai Hind
[28 Sep, 2009 0656hrs IST]

Ashok,CT, USA,says:Awesome, i do agree with US. No one in India wants Casteism. This is political leaders want to keep alive for their political benefit.
[28 Sep, 2009 0650hrs IST]

Umesh,USA,says:Indian politicians purosely practice caste politics for votes. Indian government discriminates students applying for medical and engineering colleages based on caste which is very wrong and dangerous – a bad doctor is a dad doctor irrespective of his/her caste. In government offices, people with certain caste are discriminated. India should abolish is discrimination and make selection/promotion merit based. India is such a “third rate” country – not just poverty but morally bancrupt.
[28 Sep, 2009 0627hrs IST]

singh,usa,says:excellent, now practice this damn thing so that this evil could be curbed!
[28 Sep, 2009 0616hrs IST]

mazhar,mumbai,says:Even puny states like Israel and Taiwan dont care for UN. India will be denied a Security Council Membership forevery anyways. So there is no need to loose any sleep over this matter.
[28 Sep, 2009 0602hrs IST]

Ponnuswamy,Chennai,says:It’s ridiculus on part of Indian Administration opposition to UN effort to treat caste as human rights violation. The Indian Goverment opposition to the resolution shows the bonless tonque of Indian rulers who use Gandhi & Ambedkar for vote.
[28 Sep, 2009 0450hrs IST]

??Amit,USA,says:I suppose it is a good move. India’s quota based policies for lower caste people can then be challenged and reversed under law. It is unlikely that Indian polity will ever find a way to drop their quota culture. Further, Indian-origin people may be able to claim refugee status in other nations due to the discrimination and threat to life they face in India.
[28 Sep, 2009 0348hrs IST]

Posted in Caste Discrimination, Caste Issues, Current Affairs, Dalit Issues, Recent News, Reservations, Welfare Schemes | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Government of India PG Scholarships for SC / ST

Posted by samathain on October 7, 2009

Source :  Pradip Bansode ( Email)
The University Grants Commission invites applications for the award of fellowship for the year 2009-10 under RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL FELLOWSHIP SCHEME (RGNFS) for the benefit of SC/ST candidates.
The scheme has been initiated keeping in view the social background of the candidates for the deprived section of the society and to provide them opportunity to undertake advanced studies and research in Sciences, Engg. & Technology, Humanities and Social Sciences in Indian Universities & Colleges. There are 1333 slots for scheduled caste and 667 slots for scheduled tribe every year for all subjects. 3% seats are also reserved for physically handicapped candidates belonging to SC/ST categories as per Govt. of India norms.

The objectives of this award is to provide fellowship in the form of financial assistance to students belonging to SC/ST to pursue studies leading to M. Phil and Ph. D degree (full time) in Sciences, Engg. & Technology, Humanities and Social Sciences.

The candidates should have a Post Graduate degree in the concerned subject & registered for M.Phil/Ph.D in recognized University/Institute/College.

Click here for further Scholarship Information and Application

Posted in Scholarships, Welfare Schemes | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Mayawati’s promise to India : BSP Manifesto

Posted by samathain on April 16, 2009

Source: ZESTCaste

By ignoring the importance of capital and the capitalists who drive it, Mayawati would be committing the same mistake russia/cuba did in taking up anti-capitalist posture. Capitalism is important for innovation. These market forces reward hardwork, determination, individual drive and luck. This “power of the individual” is very important for a society to keep its best people involved in the community. Only then the society will progress.An updated Nehruvian model of welfare state and private enterprise is better suited for India. Providing hope for the poor in terms of quotas would help india close the gap between its oceans of poverty and islands of prosperity. This would dissuade the frustrated youth from taking extreme measures. It is unfortunate that Mayawati has no comments on secularism or corruption or moral policing or the economic crisis. These issues do affect Sarva Jan. It is possible that Mayawati is trying to differentiate her party from other mainstream parties.

Highlights of Mayawati’s promises and achievements:

  • their economic policies are not prepared
    for removing the hardship of the general public
  • constituted a separate
    welfare department for every segment of that society
  • selecting
    under the “Dr.Ambedkar Rural Development Scheme” villages with
    preponderance of the Dalit population in particular has decided to
    cover them with every kind of essential amenities
  • Urban Integrated Development Scheme
  • under a “Sarvjan Hitay
    urban Slum Area Ownership right Scheme” has decided to give ownership
    right to residential plots measuring a maximum of 30sq. meters and
    minimum of 15sq. meters and commercial plots for employment measuring
    a maximum of 10 sq. meters
  • provided scholarship to the poor children from the Other Backward
    Classes (OBCs) and religious minorities, particularly Muslims
  • send students of the newly established
    Gautam Buddha University in Gautam Buddha Nagar district (Great Noida)
    at government expense to Europe or other foreign countries for higher
  • separate provision of 25 per cent fund has been
    made for the first time in the budget for SC/ST
  • for creating a sense of
    security among the Bahujan Samaj people a provision of “reservation”
    has been made for the first time in the country for police station
  • by including the economically backward people in
    the Muslim society in the list of the backward classes, our party’s
    government has for the first time in the state made available to them
    the benefit of reservation in education and state level government
  • cleared the backlog of the “reserved
    quota” vacancies for the people of the Scheduled Castes/Tribes and
    Other Backward Classes in government jobs and other areas at the state
    level which had not been filled up for years
  • securing the
    benefit of “Reservation” for the Scheduled Castes/Tribes and Other
    Backward Classes in the areas like the judiciary, council of
    ministers, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Council and the private sector
  • congress party and BJP and their
    allies have been trying to end reservation gradually by giving to the
    Private Sector on a large scale those “government departments” and
    “institutions” in the Centre and all the states of the country
  • B.S.P. government is the only one in the entire country which has
    ensured a guarantee for maintaining the earlier available reservation
    system even after a “government department” and “institution” is
    handed over to the private sector
  • party is in favour of providing
    separate reservation to the poor people of this class on an economic
  • our party’s government has always been fully
    sensitive and serious over the issue of social security
  • instead of giving unemployment allowance
    to the youths is giving them an opportunity to live with dignity,
    self-respect and self-reliance by making provision for permanent
  • our government has granted
    “inheritance right” to unmarried daughters from the Sarva Samaj in the
    property of their father
  • “Mahamaya garib Balika
    Ashirvad Yojana” (Mahamaya Scheme of blessings for poor girls). After the launching of this
    scheme, the birth of a girl child instead of being viewed as a burden
    will strengthen a tendency to view it as a welcome event
  • Savitri Bai Phule
    Balika Shiksha Madad Yojana” (Savitri Bai Phule Scheme of assistance
    for education of girls)
  • full honour and respect to many Sants, Gurus and great men born
    in the Bahujan Samaj
  • create in the
    entire country an atmosphere free from “injustice, crime and fear” by
    establishing a “Rule of Law by Lawful Means”
  • wean them away from the path of Naxalism
  • our party will pay full attention towards terrorism also
  • Better National Rural Employment Guarantee
  • our party wants growth of capital and not
    development of capitalists in the country
  • every “Economic Policy” of our country will be designed to
    bendfit the general public and not make the rich richer and the poor

Bahujan Samaj Party



Lok Sabha General Elections -2009

Brothers and Sisters,

As it is known to all, Bahujan Samaj Party or B.S.P. is the only party
in the country, which believers in ” deeds and not in words“. That is
why our party, unlike other parties doses not release an election
“Manifesto” rather B.S.P. only makes an ” APPEAL” to people for
votes, enabling it to complete the unfinished works of the Sants,
Gurus and great men born in the Bahujan Samaj from time to time,
especially Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj,
Narayana Guru, Parapujya Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimraro Ambedkar and Manyavar
Shri Kanshi Ram Ji by following the path show by them so that it can
produce good results in the elections to gain power and them with the
“Masterkey” of political power can make the lives of the suffering and
oppressed people prosperous in every respect. This is because
parampujya Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimraro Ambedkar was of the view that
“political power is a master-key by which all the problems can be

By following this very thinking of Baba Saheb Dr. Ambedkar, our party
is contesting these general elections for Lok Sabha on all the seats
alone on its own strength and with preparedness, in other words our
party has not forged any electoral alliance of any kind with any party
in these elections.

But here the main question that arises is why it is essential for the
general public of the country to cast their votes for the B.S.P. alone
and not for the Congress and B.J.P . and their allies? This main and
essential point will have to be understood.

In this regard, it is the contention of the B.S.P. that it is the only
party in the country the ” Ideology and Policies” and ” Work Style” of
which are in the interest of the Sarva Samaj (entire society ) and
that our party does whatever it says in the interest of the Sarva
Samaj whereas other parties make a lot of promises and do very little,
in other words most of their work is projected on paper, and very
little is seen as being implemented on ground.

This is the main reason why because of wrong policies of the parties
having a casteist mindset no significant shange has come about even 61
years after the country’s Independence in the ” social and economic ”
condition of the “Bahujan Samaj, which comprises the Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and religious
minorities like the Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Parsis and Buddhists
etc., who account for 85 per cent of the country’s total population

And I have mentioned about ” Wrong Policies “ here because the parties
which have so far formed governments in the Center and most of the
states In the country have been depending on financial help from big
capitalists as a result of which these parties on coming to power
tailor their every “Economic Policy” to suit the needs of those
capitalist, in other words their economic policies are not prepared
for removing the hardship of the general public
. This is the main
reason why the economic condition of the Bahujan Samaj people as well
as of the poor people belonging to Upper Castes continues to be bad
and pitiable even now.

Keeping all this in view, we had to form a separate political party by
the name of ” Bahujan Samaj Party” (B.S.P) on April 14, 1984, under
the leadership of “Manyavar Shri Kanshi Ram Ji” by following the path
shown by parampujya Baba Saheb. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and by now it has
emerged as an important party at the “national level”.

Not only this, our party has rather gradually increased its mass-base
throughout the country and also sent its MPs to Parliament and MLAs
to legislatures in several states. Besides, government has been formed
under the leadership of our party in Uttar Pradesh four times and
during all the four termes of office our party’s government has taken
full care of the interests of the Sarav Samaj, but it has given
priority to those people of the Bahujan Samaj, who had been neglected
on a large scale in “social and economic” spheres by the governments
of other parties in the past. Taking this issue of neglect seriously,
our party’s government in order to bring about an improvement in the
“social and economic” condition of the Bahujan Samaj people in Uttar
Pradesh has for the first time in the country constituted a separate
welfare department for every segment of that society
and by selecting
under the “Dr.Ambedkar Rural Development Scheme” villages with
preponderance of the Dalit population in particular has decided to
cover them with every kind of essential amenities
and now the name of
this scheme has been changed to the “Baba Saheb Dr.Ambedkar Uttar
Pradesh Gramsabha Integrated Development Scheme”.

Similarly, an “Urban Integrated Development Scheme” has also been
launched in the name of Manyavar Shri Kanshi Ram Ji, through which
all the cities, towns and ‘kasbas’, big and small, in Uttar Pradesh
are being developed in a phased manner.

Besides , to a large number of poor people in the urban areas of Uttar
Pradesh , who because of their helpessness had settled unauthorisedly
on the land of the state government departments and have been living
there since before 15.01.2009, our government under a “Sarvjan Hitaiy
urban Slum Area Ownership right Scheme” has decided to give ownership
right to residential plots measuring a mximum of 30sq. meters and
minimum of 15sq. meters and commercial plots for employment measuring
a maximum of 10 sq. meters
. In the history of the state such a
decision had not been taken by any of the past governments because of
which the poor people in a large number have been exploited for years
by government employees, land -mafias and employees of municipalities
etc. But since 15.01.2209 after implementation of this scheme from my
birthday, they have got ownership right to their residential plot in
urban areas, while they have also got freedom from all kinds of

Along with this , the government land lying vacant is being
distributed with actual possession therefore for a two-room pucca
house and for cultivation to the poor helpess people of the Sarv Samaj
in the states with priority to the Dalits, exploited and backwards in
particular, which has so far benefited lakhs of poor people in the
state and this process is still continuing.

For promoting eduction, like for the children of the Scheduled Castes
/Tribes, our party’s government has for the first time in India
provided scholarship to the poor children from the Other Backward
Classes (OBCs) and religious minorities, particularlyMuslims
, and in
view of rise in pricies the scholarship is distributed to the students
soon after they take admission. Our government has arranged for “free
government coaching” for poor students of these classes to enable them
to get high ranking jobs.

Besides, along with these classes in uttarprasesh, a new era in the
field of higher and technical education has been ushered in for poor
children of the Savarn Samaj for which a historic decision has been
taken for the first time to send students of the newly established
Gautam Buddha University in Gautam Buddha Nagar district (Great Noida)
at government expense to Europe or other foreign countries for higher

By giving priority to development of the Scheduled Castes and
Scheduled Tribes a separate provision of 25 per cent fund has been
made for the first time in the budget for them
. Similarly, for
creating a sense of security them. Similarly, for creating a sense of
security among the Bahujan Samaj people a provision of “reseversation”
has been made for the first time in the country for police station

Full care has also been tken of the interests of the biggest
constituent of the “religious minority society” the Muslims, in
particular in every sphere. Their economic development has been
ensured and their lives, properties and religion have been fully
protected. Besides, by including the economically backward people in
the Muslim society in the list of the backward classes, our party’s
government has for the first time in the state made available to them
the benefit of reservation in education and state level government

A New Initiative in Respect of reservation: In regard to reservation
too, we in all the four terms of our rule in Uttar Pradesh have
conducted a special drive and cleared the backlog of the “reserved
quota” vacancies for the people of the Scheduled Castes/Tribes and
Other Backward Classes in government jobs and other areas at the state
level which had not been filled up for years

Besides, our party has been making relentless efforts for securing the
benefit of “Reservation” for the Scheduled Castes/Tribes and Other
Backward Classes in the areas like the judiciary, council of
ministers, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Council and the private sector

etc., all over the country in which reservation has not yet been
provided to them by the Central Government. In this regard letters
have been written to the Central government several times. Along with
this, our party has written several times to the Central Government
for providing the benefit of additional reservation to those people of
the Scheduled Castes/Tribes who have become Christians or Muslims
through religious conversion by including them in the list of
Scheduled Castes/Tribes by keeping intact the present fixed quota of
reservation for the latter. But the government of no party formed in
the Centre so far has acceded to this reasonable demand of these

This not all, the governments of the congress party and BJP and their
allies have been trying to end reservation gradually by giving to the
Private Sector on a large scale those “government departments” and
“institutions” in the Centre and all the states of the country
which the people of the Scheduled Castes/Tribes and Other Backward
Classes have been getting job reservation under government, as there
is no provision of reservation as yet in the private sector for these
classes at the Central and the state levels. In a situation like this
the reservation for these classes will automatically come to an end
one day. Our party is very “worried” over this and in this regard the
people of these classes in the entire country also need to be very

And in this regard, it is also the belief of our party that this
reservation for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other
Backward Classes (OBCs) in our country can be “protected” and
reservation made available to them in the areas in which they are not
yet getting this benefit only when these people form their own
government in the Centre and the states. And a concrete example of
this is the formation of our party’s government in Uttar Pradesh as
the B.S.P. government is the only one in the entire country which has
ensured a guarantee for maintaining the earlier available reservation
system even after a “government department” and “institution” is
handed over to the private sector

Besides, in regard to reservation, I wish to tell the people of the
“upper caste society” that our party is in favour of providing
separate reservation to the poor people of this class on an economic
in the entire country. But it is the government in the “Centre”
which will have to introduce it by amending the Constitution.
Therefore, our party’s government has written several times to the
Central Government for providing separate reservation to the people of
this class on an economic basis. But the government of no party in the
Centre has so far agreed to this demand of ours. However, in this
regard, I wish to give this assurance to the people of the “upper
caste society” that the day our party’s government is formed in the
Centre like that in Uttar Pradesh it will make a meaningful effort to
remove poverty and unemployment of the people of the upper caste
society by certainly making the reservation facility available to them
even without their asking for it. And in this regard, you know it well
about the work culture of our party that it does what is says, in
other words there is no difference between its words and deeds.

Along with reservation, our party’s government has always been fully
sensitive and serious over the issue of social security
. Therefore, we
have raised the amount of the old age/farmer pension from Rs.150 to
Rs.300. In addition, our party’s government immediately raised the
daily wages of the labourers from Rs.58(fifty-eight) to Rs.100 (one
hundred) for the labourers as it is in the most poor and weak class
and belongs mostly to the category of landless labourers to whom no
attention had been paid ever before because of their being
unorganized. And the daily wages of sanitation workers has also been
hiked from Rs.73 (seventy-three) to Rs.100 (one hundred).

This is also known to all that in the long rule for the Congress,
B.J.P. and their allies for about 61 years agriculture and farmers
have been neglected a great deal in the entire country, but our
party’s government has paid special attention to agriculture and
farmers also by keeping them in the priority category. Besides, our
government in Uttar Pradesh instead of giving unemployment allowance
to the youths is giving them an opportunity to live with dignity,
self-respect and self-reliance by making provision for permanent
for them. And from May 13, 2007 till January, 2009, in less
than two years, arrangement has been made for permanent employment for
seven lakhs people in government and for another two lakhs people in
non-government sector.

In addition to the interests of the poor and unemployed people of the
Sarva Samaj, our party’s government has taken full care of the
interest of “farmers” , “labourers”, “traders” and the people engaged
in “other occupations” and many important decisions have been taken in
their interests also.

Women Empowerment: Along with this, our government has granted
“inheritance right” to unmarried daughters from the Sarva Samaj in the
property of their father
by amending the sectors-171 and 174 of the
Zamindari Abolition and Land Reform Act, 1950 for improving the social
and economic condition of women in Uttar Pradesh. Earlier during my
second tenure of rule in 1997 I had secured this “legal right” to

Besides, two important schemes have been launched on my 53rd birthday
by our party’s government for a bright future of girls in the state.
The first one has been launched by the name “Mahamaya garib Balika
Ashirvad Yojana” (Mahamaya Scheme of blessings for poor girls)
which in the name of every girl born in the below the poverty line
families after January 15, 2009, a fixed deposit of a certain amount
is made and the girl on its maturity when she completes the age of 18
years will get a lump sum of Rs. One lakh. After the launching of this
scheme, the birth of a girl child instead of being viewed as a burden
will strengthen a tendency to view it as a welcome event
and it will
also provide special help in correcting of the growing imbalance of
gender ratio gap in the state.

Similarly, the second scheme has been launched as “Savitri Bai Phule
Balika Shiksha Madad Yojana” (Savitri Bai Phule Scheme of assistance
for education of girls)
under which a decision has been taken to
provide a lump sum amount for further studies to the girls of the
below the poverty line families, who have passed the standard tenth.

In this regard, I wish to inform you that when such a girl takes
admission to the standard eleventh, she is being given a lump sum of
Rs. 15 thousand and a ladies bicycle and when the girl passes the
standard eleventh examinations and takes admission to the standard
twelfth she will be given an additional amount of Rs.10000 by the
government for completing further studies. All these amounts will be
in addition to the scholarship or facilities provided under other

Along with these works, our party’s government in Uttar Pradesh has
given full honour and respect to many Sants, Gurus and great men born
in the Bahujan Samaj
from time to time, who have been neglected by the
past governments. In their names many public welfare schemes have been
launched in the interests of the Sarva Samaj and several “new
districts”, “universities”, “memorials” and “museums” and parks etc.,
have been built in their memory.

Besides, I wish to tell you here that the Dalits, backwards and the
people of other neglected classes in the country have been victims of
atrocities and excesses of various kinds perpetrated by the people
having a casteist mindset from Independence till even now and they are
not able to get proper and timely justice. But our party after coming
to power in the Centre will not allow any class of the society in the
country, in other words it will do “justice” with honesty and
dedication to all and like in Uttar Pradesh it will create in the
entire country an atmosphere free from “injustice, crime and fear” by
establishing a “Rule of Law by Lawful Means”

Along with this, in the absence of proper development of all the
regions in the country and because of want, injustice, exploitation,
poverty and deprivation some people are adopting and the path of
Naxalsim and governments in the Centre and the states have not so far
paid proper attention towards them, but our party on coming to power
in the Centre will wean them away from the path of Naxalism by finding
a “lasting solution” to all these problems of theirs and along with
this it will try to bring them in the mainstream of development by
providing “permanent employment” to them.

Besides, terrorism has emerged as a very big problem and serious
challenge in the country over the past few years and the main reason
for it appears to be “laxity” and “weaknesses” of the Central
Government itself and to a certain extent its political self-interest
as well. But our party will pay full attention towards this also.

And as far as the question of the National Rural Employment Guarantee
Scheme is concerned, under this scheme there is a provision for
providing employment for only 100 days out of 365 days in a year and
that too for only one unemployed person in a family. But our party on
coming to power in the Centre will start a scheme for the poor people
living in rural areas of the entire country which will ensure
provision of permanent employment for these people throughout the year
for all the 365 days.

Besides, on our party coming to power in the Centre all its policies
at the “national and international” levels in every respect will be
framed by keeping in view the people of all the religious and castes
in the Sarva Samaj. And “foreign Policy” will also be evolved by
keeping all this in view. In other words, while framing foreign policy
and entering into any agreement with a foreign country, special
attention will be paid to the national security as well as the
country’s dignity, self-respect and sovereignty.

In addition, plans of “all the ministries” of the Central Government
will be reviewed and operated in a proper manner so that the general
public in the country is able to get the full benefit of all the
schemes directly and easily. Not only this, our party’s government
will not enter into any deal with any country in the world which may
lead to its subjugation by that country later on.

Along with this, our government will not frame any “Economic Policy”
in any area which like under the past governments will continue to
work for development of capitalists instead of formation of capital in
the country. In other words our party wants growth of capital and not
development of capitalists in the country
so that the life of the
common people in both urban and rural areas including farmers,
workers, traders and those engaged in other occupations for employment
becomes prosperous.

Thus every “Economic Policy” of our country will be designed to
bendfit the general public and not make the rich richer and the poor
as it has been happening during the rule of the Congress party,
B.J.P. and their allies so far in our country and most of the states.
And then only the poor people of this country will be able to get two
square meals in a proper way. It is only after this that the
missionary goal our party to create an environment of “Sarvjan Hitaiy
and Sarvjan Sukhaiy” (In the Interest of And For Happiness of All)
the entire country can be realized in a true sense.

But for this to happen they will have to take the “Master Key of
Political Power” into their own hands by showing a good result of
their party in the Lok Sabha general elections being held now. And for
this, they will certainly have to be cautious against many tactics of
the opposition parties like attempts to cajole, coerce, lure and
divide because these parties can go to any extent to harm our party.

In this regard, the opposition parties will try their best to see in
particular that our party does not get the votes of the Savarn Samaj
and to this end they can also try to project the ideology and policies
of our party in a distorted manner before the upper castes. This is
despite the fact that the ideology and policies of our party are not
against any caste and religion, in other words the B.S.P. wants to
establish an “equalitarian social order” in this country by changing
the inequitable social order based on “caste line”, an objective that
is in the interest of the country and the Sarv Samaj. And if in this
“transformation of order” along with the Bahujan Samaj the people of
the Savarn Samaj also cooperate by changing their Casteist mindset,
then the doors of the Bahujan Samaj Party (B.S.P) are always open for
admission and advancement of such people with dignity and
self-respect. What I am implying is that the ideology and policies of
the B.S.P. are not against the people of the upper caste society.

In this regard, I would like the upper caste people to think over the
question why the B.S.P. would have kept these people in the
organization at the national and state levels had its ideology and
policies been against the Savarn Samaj? And then why would the B.S.P.
have fielded such people on its tickets in the Lok Sabha and Assembly
elections and on formation of its government inducted them into
honourable positions of ministers? From this, it is fully clear that
the ideology and policies of our party are based on the principle of
“Sarvjan Hitaiy and Sarvjan Sukhaiy” (Progress and Prosperity For

Besides, with regard to the “Ideology and Policies” of the B.S.P., I
also want ot make it clear here that an “equalitarian social order” is
not going to be established in the country by organising the Bahujan
Samaj people alone. For this, we will have to carry along with us
Savarn Hindus also on the basisi of a spirit of social brotherhood by
changing their casteist mindset and then only an “equalitarian social
order” as envisioned by the architect of the Indian constitution Baba
Saheb Dr. Ambedkar can be really established in this country. And it
is only after this that the people of the Sarva Samaj can be united
together and distinctions of “high and low and caste and creed” can
come to end and then alone our party can get an opportunity to come to
power in the Centre and the states.

But the B.S.P. people will have to keep it in mind that the congress,
B.J.P. and their allies will not allow our party to come to power in
the Centre and the states that easily and that for preventing our
party from achieving this goal they will use machination of every kind
and our party will have to remain on guard against this at every step.

Along with this, it is my fervent appeal to our party people all over
the country “to remain alert so that their invaluable votes are
neither bought nor looted nor remain unused and no selfish person is
able to misuse their votes by ensnaring them in the name of caste and
creed, money, temple and mosque or by any other kind of emotional
blackmail, in other words they have to rise to the defence of
democracy with their lives. Therefore, in the interest of the Sarva
Samaj, the country and their respective state, they will have to place
the power in the Centre in the right hands, in other words in the
hands of the B.S.P. so that our party can frame its every policy on
the principle of Sarvjan Hitaiy and Sarvjan Sukhaiy in every walk of
life and make the lives of the Bahujan Samaj and the poor people of
upper caste society and other people engaged in various occupations

In the end, keeping all this in view, I make this “APPEAL” to the
supporters, followers and well-wishers of our party not to get carried
away by alluring promises made in the election manifesto of opposition
parties and to act on the appeal of their party alone and to certainly
make all the B.S.P. candidates victorious in the Lok Sabha general
elections-2009 being held in the country now by pressing the button
facing the “Elephant” symbol of their own party.

(Kumari Mayawati)

National President

Bahujan Samaj Party

For Ushering In An Era

Of “Sarvjan Hitaiy &

Sarvjan Sukhaiy” In the Country, Vote For

The B.S.P. Candidates Only


Make B.S.P. Successful Bu Pressing The

Button facing “Elephant” Election Symbol.

B.S.P. Ki Kiya Pahchan

Neela Jhanda, Haathi Nishan

(What Is B.S.P Known By

With Blue Flag &

“Elephant” Election Symbol)

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Posted in Current Affairs, Dalit heroes, General, Indian Election, Mayawati, Private Sector Reservation, Recent News, Reservations, Welfare Schemes | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

What Mayawati has done to the dalits of U.P.?

Posted by samathain on September 16, 2008


Mayawati’s contribution to dalit cause should be viewed from the perspective of how she symbolises emergence of dalit political power as a force at national level. She has broken the invisible glass-ceiling that dalit political leaders can not be a force on their own. Never before, a dalit political leader has captured the imagination of dalits and rest of india as much as Mayawatiji. She is an inspiration, a symbol of hope for many other dalits that they too can knock on the corridors of political power even with meagre resources. For the common dalit, who is not even allowed to worship gods in many parts of the country, her symbols of statues and parks are becoming symbols of dalit assertion.

What Mayawati has done to the Dalits of U.P.?



Uttar Pardesh (U.P.) has got many firsts to its credit in India . Politically it is the first state in India where a Dalit woman has become Chief Minister for the fourth time. U.P. supports the largest population in India . It has also the largest population of the Scheduled Castes (SCs) numbering about 35.1 millions. It has also the highest number of the atrocity cases on the Dalits in India . U.P. has the largest number of women and children suffering from malnutrition. U.P. has also the highest incidence of Polio cases in whole of the country. At present U.P. is also the most corrupt State of India.

Now with so many firsts to its credit where do the Dalits of U.P. stand in comparison with Dalits of other States of India on development parameters? To get a true picture of their position it will be proper to judge them on the following development parameters:-

Female and Male ratio: The sex ratio of female and male of U.P Dalits is 900 per 1000 as against the national average of 936 in respect of all Dalits. Similarly the sex ratio among children of 0-6 year’s age group is 930 against the national average of 988.

These figures show that in respect of sex ratio U.P Dalits are far behind the Dalits of other states at national level. This indicates the low position and poor condition of Dalit females and children in U.P. It is not only the result of feticide and infanticide due to preference of male child over girl child and poverty but also due to incessant and organized discrimination and malnutrition.

According to National Family and Health Survey Report 2005-06 the percentage of women suffering from malnutrition in U.P was 47. Similarly out of 52% children suffering from malnutrition and 46% were stunted in growth. The child mortality rate was 73 percent as compared with 61% of Bihar . This survey also indicated that in the age group of 15 to 49 years, 34% women were underweight. During this survey it also came to light that there were 73 still births out of 1000 live births which were higher than 67.6% at national level nine years ago. At this point of time there were only 22% institutional deliveries against the national average of 34%. This survey also revealed that only 22% children had taken full vaccination where as the state government had claimed to have achieved hundred percent vaccinations in the years 2001-02. The mortality rate was 8.7% which is just next highest to Bihar which was 9.0 percent.

Literacy Rate: According to 2001 Census Report, the literacy rate of U.P Dalits stands at 43% whereas the national average of the Dalits is 54.7%. The literacy rate of U.P Dalits both males and females is 60.3% and 30.5% respectively whereas the national average of Dalits is 66.6% and 41.9% respectively. In Bahraich district the literacy rate of Dalit female is as low as 9 percent. As such U.P Dalits lag behind the Dalits of many other states of India in terms of male and female literacy rates. According to Dr. B.R.Ambedkar the progress of a society is measured by the progress of women. But the position of Dalit women in U.P. is very low. It also badly reflects on the poor performance of U.P government on education front.

Level of Education: Out of literate Dalits of U.P 38% have no level of education or have got education below primary level. The proportion of literates who have attained education up to primary and middle levels is 27.1% and 18.5% respectively. The percentage of literates educated up to matric and higher secondary is 13.3% only. Graduates and above are 3 percent. The non-technical and technical diploma holders constitute a meager of 0.1% only.

School Dropout Rate: As per the Report of Basic Education Directorate U.P, during 1991 the dropout rate of children at primary school stage was 45.02 percent. As such every second child leaves the school before completion of primary education. The dropout rate for girls was 46.25% which was higher than that of 44% for boys. This rate has not changed much even after that. It is well known that for various reasons, the dropout rate of Dalit children is much higher than general caste children. It has a direct bearing on the literacy rates of Dalits.

Untouchability and Discrimination in Schools: It has come out from various newspaper reports that untouchability and discrimination persists in U.P. government school. It is often reflected in the form of boycott of mid-day meal prepared by Dalit cooks in primary and middle schools. In spite of government orders for appointment of Dalit cooks on priority basis, it has been found during a survey that Dalit cooks have been appointed in 17% schools only. The neglect and complacency on the part of government machinery in implementing its own orders has given impetus to the incidents of boycott of mid-day meals prepared by Dalit cooks. It is a pity that punitive action was taken in a few cases only and many others have been hushed up. Apart from it, many incidents of caste discrimination and maltreatment of Dalit students by high caste teachers have been reported in press. This situation badly reflects on the attitude of Mayawati Government towards the incidence of untouchability in government schools.

Work Participation Rate: According to 2001 Census Report, the work participation rate (WPR) of the Scheduled Castes (SCs) population of U.P is 34.7% which is lower than that of all SCs at the national level. There has been a slight decrease of 0.3% in WPR during 1991-2001. Both the male and female WPR (46.9 and 21.2% respectively) are lower than those recorded for all SCs at the national level (50.7 and 29.4% respectively). Among the total workers, 65.25% are Main Workers, which is lower than that recorded for all SCs at the national level (73%). As such 34.8% of Dalits are casual workers.

The above statistics make it clear that U.P. Dalits lag behind in WPR as compared with Dalits at the national level which is reflected in large scale unemployment and consequent poverty.

Dalits as Agriculture Workers: Agriculture Labourers constitute the highest proportion (42.5%) among total SCs workers. This is lower than the national average of 45.6% recorded by all SCs in this category. Cultivators constitute 30.9 percent. Other workers account for 22.2% against the national average of 30.5 percent. Workers engaged in House Hold Industry (HHI) constitute 4.3 percent only.

From the above it transpires that in U.P majority of the workers (75%) are agriculture labourers whereas there is no official arrangement for payment of minimum wages and assured employment. According to the findings of a study it has been found that the average employment of agriculture laborers in U.P. is 60 to 80 days only during a year. On account of lack of development of agriculture in U.P. the average of Dalit agriculture workers is lower than the national average. Apart from backward agriculture, not a single heavy industry has come up in U.P. during the last 15-20 years. As such no employment has been created during this period.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) has been in place for the last two years but on account of rampant corruption and utter neglect on the part of implementing government machinery the job card holders could hardly get 8 day’s average employment during a year as against the guaranteed 100 days employment. Only 6.23 percent families got the benefit of this scheme. On the other hand Mayawati has threatened to abolish this scheme as and when she becomes the Prime Minster of India. It is because this scheme has been initiated by the Central Government headed by Congress Party with whom she has got adverse relations. Her statement had an adverse effect on the attitude of the official machinery which even otherwise is quite complacent in the implementation of such schemes concerning poor men.

Dalits below Poverty Line: As per the statistics of 2004-05, the percentage of persons Below Poverty Line (BPL) in U.P. was 32.8% where as the national average was 27.5 percent. Thus the percentage of Dalits in BPL category is quite high. According to National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) survey for 1991-2002, the percentage of Dalits in this category was 44 in U.P. As compared with the percentage for BPL in Bihar (59.8) and Orissa (51.8) states, U.P. was only a little better placed. Per Capita Income and Per Capita Consumption in U.P. is also quite low as compared with all India level. The actual figure of BPL for Dalits in U.P. may be around 50-60% indicating very high incidence of poverty.

According to the Statistics Diary of U.P. for 2007 the average Per Capita Income at 1993-94 rates during 2004-05 was Rest. 6138 only i.e. Rest. 512 per month for a family of five members. It was Rs. 13316 during 2005-06 at current prices i.e. Rs. 1101 only for a family of five persons. It works out be Rs.3.40 and Rs.7.30 only per head per day. These figures show very low per capita income in U.P. Consequently the per capita income of Dalits is bound to be much lower than this figure.

Land Holdings and Land Area with the Dalits: According to the Census of Agriculture Holdings in 1991, SC’s share in agriculture holdings was 17.15% in marginal, 11.6% in small, 7.4% in medium and 7.4% in semi medium holdings. Only 2.4% large holdings were in the possession of Dalits. In respect of area of holdings SCs had only 16.5% of marginal, 11.5% of small, 7.3% of semi medium and 4.2% of medium sized and 2.1% of large holdings. As such Dalits’ share in the land holdings was 16.35% and 10.5% in the total operational area in 1991 where as their population share in the state was 21.15 percent. The average size of land holding of Dalits is 0.60 hectare only.

The 2001 Census Report shows that 30.9% Dalits were in the category of Cultivators where as according to 1991 Census this percentage was 42.03 percent. As such there has occurred a fall of about 12% in this category during the period from 1991 to 2001. As a result a large number of Dalits have fallen from the category of Cultivators to the category of landless labourers during the last decade. This downfall shows their disempowerment in place of empowerment as trumpeted by Mayawati. This situation is quite worrisome. The high level of corruption in poverty alleviation and various welfare schemes coupled with complacency on the part of implementing government machinery has deprived the poor and Dalits of the intended benefits. On account of this deprivation they were forced to sell their land holdings for sustenance.

Some land has been distributed to the landless people including Dalits during the last 32 years to empower them economically. On the one hand this land was not fertile enough and workable; secondly most of the recipients of this land could not get possession thereof. Where ever they were given possession most of them have been thrown out by the powerful illegal occupants. The latest example is the hunger strike and dharna (sit down) by the Dalits of Hardoi district before the Vidhan Sabha Bhavan (Legislative Council House), Lucknow . Their main grievance was that they could not get possession of the land allotted to them 32 years ago. In spite of it they have failed to get the possession till today. Now they are planning to resort to fast till death. Similar situation prevails in other districts also and Mayawati has failed to get them the possession as the culprits have become Sarvjan supporters of her Party (Bahujan Samaj Party). According to the National Remote Sensing Agency there was a total area of 1.84 million hectares of waste land (about 14% of total geographical area) which could be developed and distributed to the land less people but the present government has proposed to plant jetropha on it. Similarly millions of hectares of land is still under the control of people of dominant castes and Mayawati is no mood to touch them as they are now her Party supporters as SARVJAN. In reality land reforms have no priority with Mayawati for political reasons whereas these are crucial for empowerment of Dalits.

Lack of Development Agenda: From the above it transpires that U.P Dalits are more backward than all the Dalits of India except those of Bihar , Madhya Pardesh and Orissa. It is true that since1995 Mayawati has become the Chief Minister of U.P for the fourth time. Apart from others, is she not responsible for the underdevelopment of U.P Dalits to a large extent? It is a common knowledge that neither in the past nor at present Mayawati does not have any development agenda for Dalits or the State. In the absence of any development agenda neither the Dalits nor the State has witnessed any development. Sudha Pai has commented, “Bahujan Samaj Party is an Ambedkarite party not in the ideological or programmatic sense, but purely in political terms. Its leadership has a limited vision; it is not interested in social transformation or revolution. Its aim is merely to make some changes in the existing system, which would give power in the hands of Dalits” (Deprivation and Development in contradiction of Uttar Pradesh in “ Deprivation and Inclusive Development-2006” edited by D.M.Diwakar and G.P.Mishra, published by Manak Publishers Pvt. Ltd. India)

The State government has been spending major portion of its annual budget on Non- Plan expenditure. Billions of rupees have been spent on extravagant public shows, parks and installation of statues including heron. Could not this public money be spent on the development of education, health services and other welfare schemes? The politics of symbolism and tokenism pursued by Mayawati has given some emotional elation to the Dalits of U.P. but no development. The rampant corruption has eaten away the benefits of all the welfare schemes.

Dalits as worst victims of Corruption: According to a recent study by Transparency International U.P. is at present the most corrupt state in the whole of India . U.P.’s underdevelopment is the painful result of this corruption. Mayawati and a former Chief Minister, Mr. Mulayam Singh Yadav is under the scanner of Central Bureau of Investigation for possession of disproportionate assets as against their known sources of income. Their political and personal corruption has badly infected the bureaucracy and public life at large. As a result of it the various welfare schemes like N.R.E.G.S; P.D.S; I.C.D.S; Pension and Mother Welfare etc. have fallen prey to open corruption and misuse. It has deprived the poor along with Dalits of the intended benefits thereof. Education, Health and development of Infrastructure have been the low priority areas for Mayawati government.

Again according to Sudha Pai, “There is evidence that the conditions of the poorer sections in U.P. which include the major chunk of the Dalits have become worse during the 1990s. The National Human Development Report (NHDR) has pointed out the poor conditions of life in comparison with many other states. The State’s position in terms of Human Development Index was 29th in 1981 and has fallen to 31 out of 32 states (NHDR 2001:140-41). Similarly the Monthly Per Capita Consumption Expenditure registered a fall in the State between 1993-94 and 1999-2000; that this is due to a drastic reduction in the consumption expenditure on food between two periods clearly suggest deterioration in the standard of living. This down slide took place when the B.S.P. supported by B.J.P. was in power in U.P. for the most part (National Herald, Lucknow May 1, 2002). Despite the fact that the B.S.P. had formed a government twice during the 1990s and was again in power with the support of the B.J.P., the conditions of Dalits have not improved according to the draft proposals of the Tenth Five Year Plan (Jha, 28 December, The Times of India, New Delhi-2002). The B.S.P. did not put forward any policies for improving the socioeconomic conditions of the subaltern sections of the Dalits. The emphasis has been on political empowerment only.”

Atrocities on Dalits: As mentioned earlier U.P. has the highest incidence of atrocities on Dalits. It is on account of high Dalit population, feudal society and above all complacency on the part of government machinery in preventing or dealing with it effectively. The State has the old tradition of every Chief Minister trying to show the crime figures less than his/her predecessor’s period. Mayawati is no exception to it rather she is very stricter about it. During her first stint as Chief Minister in 1995 she had created a terror among police officers by suspending, transferring or punishing them for even a slight increase in crime figures. During her second term in 1997 she issued orders prohibiting use of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989) thereby earning the distinction of being the first Chief Minister of India to slam this Central Act contrary to the absence of any powers to do so. This was done under the pretext of preventing its misuse which is actually a lame excuse to placate her Sarvjan high caste supporters. Later on in 2003 it was withdrawn on paper after a lot of hue and cry was raised by public and it was challenged in the court but it continues to be in practice till today. The result is that lot of atrocities are being committed on Dalits but the official crime figures are being kept low to project low incidence of this crime. As such Dalits are victims of double cross. Due to non registration of their cases they are neither getting any legal relief nor are they getting any monetary compensation which otherwise they would have got. The perpetrators of these atrocities are going scot-free. The National Crime Report for 2006 issued by National Crime Records Bureau also projects U.P. state having the highest number of atrocities against Dalits during 2005.

According to one survey based on the News Paper reports during 2007 as any as 110 Dalit women fell victims to rape in U.P. but only 50% cases were registered by police and the tragedy was that as many as 85% rapes were committed on unmarried Dalit girls. In the same manner out of 19 cases of murder with rape 50%, in cases of murder 25%, in cases of molestation 71% and in cases of kidnapping 80% of the cases were not registered at all. These figures relate to some important News Papers only. The actual incidence of crime and the number of cases may be much higher. It is generally accepted that the number of cases registered by police is hardly 40% of actual crime. This situation depicts the miserable plight of U.P. Dalits under Mayawati.

Dr. Ambedkar’s concept of a Political Leader, Political Party and Political Power: While describing the role of a Political Party in the constitution of the Scheduled Castes Federation, Dr. Ambedkar said, “A Political Party does not exist for winning elections but for Educating, Agitating and Organizing the People.” But Mayawati’s Party has learnt the art of winning election only and totally abdicated the real role of a political party as described by Dr. Ambedkar. The result of this strategy is before us. Her very constituency is the victim of underdevelopment and her personal corruption.

Dr. Ambedkar while detailing the qualities of a leader said,” Your leaders must have the courage and caliber to match the topmost leaders of any political party. The party without efficient leaders comes to nil.” Now it is the high time that we assess our leaders including Mayawati on these parameters.

. Dr. Ambedkar’s often repeated slogan that” Political Power is the key to all Social Progress” has failed at Mayawati’s hands. It is because she has no Dalit agenda for the socio-economic empowerment of Dalits. In fact she lacks a vision whish is the essential qualification of any leader. Dr. Ambedkar while discussing the role of Politics said,” Politics is not the be-all and end-all of the nation’s life. We must study the Indian Problem in all its aspects, political, social, religious, and economic and fight with own accords for the solution of the down trodden.” But unfortunately for Mayawati achieving the political power is the be-all and end-all of her politics..

Her personal corruption has taken away the benefits of various welfare schemes. She is likely to be charge sheeted by the Central Bureau of Investigation in the near future for possession of disproportionate assets to the tune of Rs. 30 crores and she has further added Rs. 60 crores to her income during 2007 without having any known source of income.

While defining the role of administration Dr. Ambedkar remarked,” Purity of Administration is necessary for the Welfare of the people… It may be difficult to provide food and clothing to the people but why should it be difficult to give the people a pure Government”. But unfortunately Mayawti has failed to give pure government. Her personal corruption and unprincipled politics has infected all the branches of the Government At present 60% of her ministers are having criminal records. She herself has proved the dictum that Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. She has also earned for U.P. the dubious distinction of being the Most Corrupt State of India .

Dr. Ambedkar once remarked that his opponents did levy all sorts of allegations against him but none could dare to raise a finger at his character and integrity but can Mayawati dare to make even an iota of this claim. The answer is big NO. During a meeting of the Independent Labour Party Dr. Ambedkar remarked that Dalit Labourers have two enemies: one is Brahmanism and the other is Capitalism. But now Mayawati has embraced both these enemies. Brahmanism in the shape of Sarvjan (high caste Hindus) and Capitalism in the shape of liberalization, privatization and corporatization.

Dr. Ambedkar gave topmost importance to struggle and grass-root level social and political movements. Actually these movements formed the basis of his politics. But Mayawati’s Party is totally bereft of it. It is true that in the absence of grass- root level movements and public pressure the political power is likely to be misused for self aggrandizement as has happened in the case of Mayawati. Apart from amassing wealth through questionable means she is misusing public money to make parks and install statues including her own in an effort to immortalize her.

According to Dr. Ambedkar,” These ideas if hero-worship will bring ruin on you if you do not nip them in the bud. By deifying an individual, you repose faith for your safety and salvation in one single individual with the result that you get into habit of dependence and indifferent to your duty. If you fall a victim to these ideas, your fate will be worse than logs of wood in the national stream of life. Your struggle will come to naught.” But in the case of Mayawati this warning of Dr. Ambedkar is totally being ignored by her blind followers.

What should be done? Now the question arises that when Mayawati has failed to use political power as a key to social progress then what should be done. In this case we have to revert to the earlier quoted slogan of Dr. Ambedkar which says,” A Political Party does not exist for winning elections but for Educating, Agitating and Organizing the People.’ It requires the adoption of a path of struggle and grass-root level movements by taking up public issues. A definite Dalit Agenda has to be worked out and the political parties have to be forced to adopt it. Land reforms have to be first item on the Dalit Agenda because only lands possession can empower them economically and free them from the bondage of land owners. Therefore Dalits must launch a vigorous movement for allotment of surplus and waste land available in the State. Fast track courts could be instituted to expedite the disposal of more than 5,000 land ceiling cases pending in the courts since many years. These cases involve millions of hectares of land. Unless the Dalits launch a similar land movement as was launched by Republican Party of India during 1964-65.

Without a vision and definite Dalit liberation agenda the attaining of political power is not going to solve the problems of the Dalits as well as that of the State. Structural changes and improvement in the delivery system only can remove the poverty syndrome prevailing amongst the Dalits. Grass-root level movements are the key to keep the political leaders under control and make them answerable to the people. Bureaucracy also responds properly under public pressure only. It is the high time that Mayawati’s role in the under development of the Dalits and the State is assessed critically and dispassionately and remedial measures taken as early as possible. Otherwise it will prove to be a missed opportunity.


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KDF seeks reservation for upper castes

Posted by samathain on August 27, 2008


It is unfortnate that the people who will be able to get low income certificates are likey to be the rich and the connected. As benefits based on income are prone to widespread misuse, they should use other guidelines apart from income certificates. For instance, they should restrict this benefit to only those owning BPL cards. They should also make it a requirement that there are atleast 2 transactions every month in the respective BPL card. There should be a separate regulatory agency to investigate allegations of fraud and book the culprits in this regard.

(Siddhartha Kumar)


KERALA Aug 20, 2008
KDF seeks reservation for upper castes
Tuesday August 19 2008 10:44 IST
Express News Service
KOLLAM: Kerala Dalit Federation (KDF) state president P.Ramabhadran
has called for providing 10 percent reservation for the economically
backward students among the upper caste communities in professional
colleges. He said in a statement here on Monday that the UDF
Government led by Oommen Chandy had taken a decision to allow 10
percent reservation for the economically backward among the upper
castes. The government had held discussions with Dalit organisations
also in this regard.
It had also issued an order approving the guidelines. But the LDF
Government which came to power did not take any follow up action, he
Ramabhadran said Preetha, a 17-year-old girl from a poor upper caste
family at West Kallada, committed suicide as she had no means to pay
the fee for getting admission to a nursing course in a private nursing
school. He said the Dalits had been denied education on the basis of
caste in the past. Here, a member of the upper caste community is
forced to commit suicide for want of money to pursue education. The
situation was similar and this should not be allowed to repeat, he
He said Preetha was a martyr of the wrong education policies of the
LDF Government. He demanded that the government should provide
Preetha’s family an assistance of Rs 5 lakh as it had given to the
family of Sr Anupa Mary who committed suicide.

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Paswan announces special recruitment drive for SC/ST

Posted by samathain on August 27, 2008

(Siddhartha Kumar)


Paswan announces special recruitment drive for SC/ST
With an eye on the forthcoming Lok Sabha elections, Union Minister for
Steel Ram Vilas Paswan today announced a slew of measures ranging from
a special recruitment drive for SC and ST to increase in salaries for
contract labourers in public sector units.
“A decision was taken that all profit making PSUs which include SAIL,
NMDC, RINL, MOIL and MSTC would chalk out time bound special
recruitment drives for SC/ST candidates to fill up vacancies within
the next two months,” Paswan told reporters here.
The decision was taken at a high-level meeting yesterday. The ministry
plans to come out with advertisements within a fortnight.
The ministry is also looking into the position of SC/ST candidates in
individual categories of Group A, B, C and D in each PSU, Paswan said.
“We have also decided to merge 50 per cent of the Dearness Allowance
in the basic salary for all regular employees of SAIL, who number
around 1,26,000,” Paswan announced.
The government has already approved payment of increment to all the
regular employees of SAIL and RINL at the rate of 4 per cent of their
basic pay.
Paswan also announced a proposal to increase the monthly salary of all
the contractual labourers in all the steel PSUs by Rs 1,000.
The ministry is hopeful of working out the modalities in this regard
by September. This expenditure is likely to be borne by the concerned

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Fwd: Budgetary Allocations for Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP): A Systemic Betrayal

Posted by samathain on August 27, 2008

(Siddhartha Kumar)

Dear Friends,
The strategy of Scheduled Castes Sub-Plan (SCSP) which was evolved in
1979 is one of the most important interventions through the planning
process for social, economic and educational development of Scheduled
Castes and for improvement in their working and living conditions. It
is an umbrella strategy to ensure flow of targeted financial and
physical benefits from all the general sectors of development for the
benefit of Scheduled Castes. Under this strategy, States/UTs and
Central Ministries are required to formulate and implement Scheduled
Castes Sub-Plan (SCSP) as part of their Annual Plans by earmarking
resources in proportion to their share in total population. As per the
norms, the Union Government’s plan allocation on SCSP for the year
2007-08 should have been around Rs. 32816 crore whereas, only around
Rs. 12 536 crore amount was allocated for the SCSP. An analysis of the
Union Budget 2008-09 does not show any notable improvement in the
attitude of our policy makers towards the development of dalits and
marginalized sections in the country.
During 2007-08 several States with sizable SC population have not
allocated funds for their SCSP as per the percentage of their SC
population. Some such states are Andhra Pradesh – SC population
16.20%, SCSP outlay 7.53%, Himachal Pradesh – SC population 24.70%,
SCSP outlay 11.00%, and Punjab – SC population 28.90%, SCSP outlay
26.02%. Some other States like Bihar – SC population 15.70%, Kerala SC
population 9.8% and Rajasthan – SC population 17.20% have not
allocated any funds from their annual plan to their SCSP during
Network for Social Accountability (NSA) in its efforts to bring the
weaknesses of our policies to the notice of the common people have
come out with an analysis of the budgetary allocations for SCSP in
recent years. For more details, please read our policy brief titled
“Of Dalits and their Money: An Analysis of the Budgetary Allocations
for the Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) in Recent Years”
Please visit our policy brief section to read our recent releases.
We hope this information will be useful for you.
The purpose of our policy brief is to publish/ republish articles,
brief write ups on different aspects of Indian Public Policy
Framework. We wish to present our policy brief as a compilation of
different government policies, international issues of relevance to
India, interviews with different experts and major announcements of
the government of India.
Please write for our POLICY BRIEF section on any of the following
issues and send us at < editors@nsa. >. Please note that your
articles/write ups should have a clear perspective of the poorer
sections of our society. Your write ups should be brief and should not
exceed 3000 words in total. Regular updates on our policy brief are
forwarded to more than 11500 email ids across the world. Your
contribution will not only add value to our policy brief section, it
will also help us creating a space for open debate on public policy
issues in India. All the contributions shall be reviewed by a team of
editorial advisors for thematic consistency. While the scope of our
policy brief is not restricted to India alone, the themes we focus on
are as under.
Themes Covered
¨ Public Policy Environment
¨ Poverty, Inequality and marginalisation
¨ Government Finances and Budgeting
¨ Economic Sectors: Industry & Agriculture
¨ Issues in Human Rights
¨ Social Transformation
¨ Labour Issues
¨ Environment, Ecology and Resources Management
¨ Disaster Management and Calamity Preparedness
¨ Social Sectors: Health, Education, Security, Welfare
¨ Trade
¨ Marginalised Sections: Dalits, Adivasis & Children
– Theoretical Aspects on any of the above Themes
NSA Team in

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States are not utilising funds for rehabilitation of scavengers: Santosh Chowdhary

Posted by samathain on August 27, 2008


CHENNAI: National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Chairperson Santosh Chowdhary
on Friday said she would recommend to the Prime Minister to stop releasing funds
to State governments that had not utilised the amount allotted to them for
rehabilitation of scavengers. Ms. Chowdhary, who was here to discuss the efforts
taken by Indian Overseas Bank, Indian Bank and THADCO to rehabilitate
scavengers, told reporters that the deadline given by the UPA government to
eradicate manual scavenging by December 31, 2007, had to be extended to March
31, 2009 because of the State governments.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is personally monitoring the scheme. I will
write to him to stop the funds she said.
Ms. Chowdhary regretted that Tamil Nadu, one of the largest States in the
country, was employing a huge number of scavengers instead of proving to be a
role model employer that could be replicated by other States.
She said though Rs. 57.80 crore was allotted to the State under the National
Scheme for Liberation and Rehabilitation, only Rs. 24.52 crore was utilised.
Once again Rs. 21 crore had been allotted under the new Self Employment Scheme
for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers, she said.
Stressing the need for a survey on manual scavenging that had been continuing in
many Stated, Ms. Chowdhary said only the survey could make the State governments
realise the magnitude of the problem.
She also urged the States to implement the minimum wages for the Safai
Karamcharis fixed by the Centre. In class cities, the amount is
Rs. 180 a day. In  class cities, it should be Rs. 150 and in
class cities Rs. 120.
The commission also made a slew of recommendations for the welfare of Safai
Karamcharis including Rs. 5 lakh compensation for those who died while doing
their work especially clearing sewages in public and private households.
She said officials from the Indian Bank and the Indian Overseas Bank had
promised to implement all the recommendations of the commission in their
organisations. IOB chairman S.A. Bhatt, Indian Bank chairman M.S. Sundararajan
were among those who participated in the deliberations.

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